Glossary (Slavery & Trafficking)

California Transparency in Supply Chains Act: The California Transparency in Supply Chains Act applies to businesses that do business in California, have annual worldwide gross receipts exceeding 100 million USD, and are identified as manufacturers or retail sellers on their California State tax returns. The Act requires those businesses to disclose their efforts to eradicate slavery and human trafficking from their direct supply chains for tangible goods offered for sale. It requires those businesses to post their disclosure on their website with a conspicuous and easily-understood link on the homepage. If the business does not have a website, the Act requires it to provide within 30 days a copy of the disclosure when requested by a consumer. Please follow this link for more detailed information.

Child Labor: Child is defined as a person below the age of 18. Child labor, in accordance with the definition used by the International Labour Organization, is work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. It falls under three categories: (1) The unconditional worst forms of child labor, which are internationally defined as slavery, trafficking, debt bondage and other forms of forced labor, forced recruitment of children for use in armed conflict, prostitution and pornography, and illicit activities. (2) Labor performed by a child who is under the minimum age specified for that kind of work (as defined by national legislation, in accordance with accepted international standards), and that is thus likely to impede the child’s education and full development. (3) Labor that jeopardizes the physical, mental or moral well-being of a child, either because of its nature or because of the conditions in which it is carried out, known as “hazardous work."

Debt Bondage: Debt bondage, in accordance with the United Nations (UN) 1956 Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery Convention, is the status or condition arising from a pledge by a debtor of his or her personal services or of those of a person under his or her control as security for a debt, if the value of those services as reasonably assessed is not applied towards the liquidation of the debt or the length and nature of those services are not respectively limited and defined.

Forced Labor: Forced labor, in accordance with the International Labour Organization (ILO) Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No.29), is all work and service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered herself or himself voluntarily. As defined by the ILO, forced labor is an umbrella term that includes slavery, slave-like practices, various forms of debt bondage, human trafficking – also called modern slavery – and other practices.

Human Trafficking: Human trafficking, in accordance with the United Nations (UN) Palermo Protocol of 2000, is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons by improper means (such as force, abduction, fraud, or coercion) for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation can include sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs. As defined by the UN, human trafficking is an umbrella term covering different forms. The International Labour Organization (ILO) also calls human trafficking “modern slavery” when done for the purposes of forced labor.

Low-skilled Work: Low-skilled work is work associated with a limited skill set or minimal economic value for the work performed. Low-skilled workers are generally not required to have more than a high school diploma, and typically earn small wages.

Modern Slavery: Modern slavery, in accordance with Guidance issued by the UK Home Office, is a term that encapsulates slavery, servitude and forced or compulsory labour; and human trafficking. The UK Home Office uses a different definition of human trafficking than the one used in this template. The International Labour Organization (ILO) calls human trafficking “modern slavery” when done for the purposes of forced labor.

Migrant Worker: Migrant workers are people who leave home to find work outside of their hometown or home country. Migrant workers include both foreign and domestic (internal) migrant workers.

Recruiter: A recruiter refers to both private and public entities that offer labor recruitment services. Recruiters – variously referred to as labor intermediaries, middlemen, labor brokers, and recruitment agents, among other terms – recruit, hire, and/or manage workers.

Servitude: Servitude, in accordance with Guidance issued by the UK Home Office, is the obligation to provide services that is imposed by the use of coercion and includes the obligation for a ‘serf’ to live on another person’s property and the impossibility of changing his or her condition.

Slavery: Slavery, in accordance with the United Nations (UN) 1926 Slavery Convention, is the status or condition of a person over whom all or any of the powers attaching to the right of ownership are exercised.

Supplier: A supplier is defined as an organization or person that provides a product or service used in your supply chain. The supplier can have a direct or indirect relationship with your organization. Examples of suppliers are: brokers, consultants, contractors, distributors, franchisees or licensees, home workers, independent contractors, manufacturers, primary producers, sub-contractors, and wholesalers.

Supply Chain: A supply chain is defined as a sequence of activities or parties that provides products or services to the organization completing and submitting the STRT.

UK Modern Slavery Act: The UK Modern Slavery Act applies to commercial organizations that supply goods or services in any part of the United Kingdom with a global annual turnover of 36 million GBP or more. Section 54 of the Act requires those organizations to prepare a statement setting out the steps they have taken during that financial year to ensure slavery and human trafficking are not taking place anywhere in their supply chains and in any part of their own business. The Act requires those organizations to have the statement signed and approved by the relevant authority. It also requires those organizations to publish their statement on their website with a link to the statement in a prominent place on the homepage. If the organization does not have a website, the Act requires it to provide a copy of the statement to anyone who makes a written request for it within 30 days. Please follow this link for more detailed information.

 

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